The granite rock town was created by the Ohře River forcing its way through the Karlovy Vary granite massif between Loket and Doubí, forming a deep canyon. On the left bank of the river a high granite wall appeared. In the course of time, the rock groups split into massive rock pillars and pinnacles due to gradual wind, rain and frost erosion.
ANDĚLSKÁ HORA CASTLE RUINS:
The historic town of Andělská Hora was founded in the second half of the 15th century by the Lords of Plauen right below a Gothic castle from the 14th century of the same name. Later, Andělská Hora was part of the manor of the nearby Kysibl Chateau (Stružná). Since the end of the 1800s, the town with romantic castle ruins became a popular outing destination of Karlovy Vary spa guests. Among them, for instance, Johann Wolfgang Goethe, who celebrated his 37th birthday here in 1786.
At the beginning of the 13th century, Loket, a royal castle was built on a landmark promontory within the Ohře River bend. It used to be called the "Key to the Czech Kingdom". Soon after, a small town, first mentioned in 1288, arose below the castle. In the early 15th century the royal town was fortified and turned into an important focal point of the Czech Crown. In the course of the 19th century, the town became famous for its local porcelain factory. However, industrial production was located in the surrounding towns. The town regained its former fame in the time of beginning tourism bloom, when the local area of great natural beauty and numerous historical monuments became increasingly popular with holidaymakers and romantics.
People knew about mineral springs in the midst of swamps and deep forests, in place of today's town since the Middle Ages. However, their healing effects were not subjected to studying until the late 18th century. In 1812, the Abbot of the Teplá Monastery, Karl Gaspar Reitenberger decided to build an independent village called Mariánské Lázně, and in 1818, it was declared a "public spa resort." The influx of spa guests led to rapid development of this spa town: first colonnades, pavilions, gazebos and parks, first classicist and Empire buildings started to appear. Among its famous visitors were Johann Wolfgang Goethe, Fryderyk Chopin, Richard Wagner, English King Edward VII and others.